Risk Analysis


Type

Type

Optimistic Rollup
Optimium
Plasma
Validium
ZK Rollup
Stack

Stack

Arbitrum
Loopring
OP Stack
OVM
Polygon
StarkEx
Starknet
ZK Stack
zkSync Lite
No provider
Stage

Stage

Not applicable
Stage 0
Stage 1
Stage 2
Under review
Purpose

Purpose

AI
AMM
Bug bounty
DeFi
Exchange
Gaming
Information
NFT
Payments
Privacy
Private payments
Universal

#
Name
State validation
Data availability
Exit window
Sequencer failure
Proposer failure
1
Arbitrum One logo
Arbitrum One
Fraud proofs (INT)
On chain
2d
Self sequence
Self propose
2
OP Mainnet logo
OP Mainnet
In development
On chain
None
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
3
Base logo
Base
In development
On chain
None
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
4
Blast logo
Blast
In development
On chain
None
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
5
Mantle logo
Mantle
In development
External
None
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
6
Starknet logo
Starknet
ZK proofs (ST)
On chain (SD)
None
No mechanism
Cannot withdraw
7
Manta Pacific logo
Manta Pacific
In development
External
None
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
8
zkSync Era logo
zkSync Era
ZK proofs
On chain (SD)
None
Enqueue via L1
Cannot withdraw
9
Linea logo
Linea
ZK proofs (SN)
On chain
None
No mechanism
Cannot withdraw
10
Metis Andromeda logo
Metis
In development
Optimistic (MEMO)
None
Enqueue via L1
Cannot withdraw
11
dYdX v3 logo
dYdX v3
ZK proofs (ST)
On chain
None
Force via L1
Use escape hatch
12
Mode Network logo
Mode Network
In development
On chain
None
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
13
Immutable X logo
Immutable X
ZK proofs (ST)
External (DAC)
None
Force via L1
Use escape hatch
14
Scroll logo
Scroll
ZK proofs (SN)
On chain
None
No mechanism
Cannot withdraw
15
Polygon zkEVM logo
Polygon zkEVM
ZK proofs (SN)
On chain
None
No mechanism
Self propose
16
Astar zkEVM logo
Astar zkEVM
ZK proofs (SN)
External (DAC)
None
No mechanism
Self propose
17
Loopring logo
Loopring
ZK proofs (SN)
On chain
None
Force via L1
Use escape hatch
18
ZKFair logo
ZKFair
ZK proofs (SN)
External (DAC)
None
No mechanism
Self propose
19
ApeX logo
ApeX
ZK proofs (ST)
External (DAC)
None
Force via L1
Use escape hatch
20
zkSync Lite logo
zkSync Lite
ZK proofs (SN)
On chain
7d
Force via L1
Use escape hatch
21
Aevo logo
Aevo
In development
External
None
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
22
Karak logo
Karak
In development
External
None
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
23
DeGate V1 logo
DeGate V1
ZK proofs (SN)
On chain
30d
Force via L1
Use escape hatch
24
Arbitrum Nova logo
Arbitrum Nova
Fraud proofs (INT)
External (DAC)
2d
Self sequence
Self propose
25
rhino.fi logo
rhino.fi
ZK proofs (ST)
External (DAC)
None
Force via L1
Use escape hatch
26
Fraxtal logo
Fraxtal
In development
External
None
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
27
Zora logo
Zora
In development
On chain
None
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
28
Sorare logo
Sorare
ZK proofs (ST)
External (DAC)
None
Force via L1
Use escape hatch
29
RSS3 Value Sublayer logo
RSS3
In development
On chain
None
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
30
Kroma logo
Kroma
Fraud proofs (INT, ZK)
On chain
None
Self sequence
Self propose
31
Boba Network logo
Boba
In development
On chain
None
Enqueue via L1
Cannot withdraw
32
Lyra logo
Lyra
In development
External
None
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
33
Kinto logo
Kinto
Fraud proofs (INT)
On chain
None
Self sequence
Self propose
34
Paradex logo
Paradex
ZK proofs (ST)
On chain (SD)
None
No mechanism
Cannot withdraw
35
ZKSpace logo
ZKSpace
ZK proofs (SN)
On chain
5d
Force via L1
Use escape hatch
36
tanX logo
tanX
ZK proofs (ST)
External (DAC)
None
Force via L1
Use escape hatch
37
Public Goods Network logo
PGN
In development
External
None
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
38
Orderly Network logo
Orderly Network
In development
External
None
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
39
Ancient8 logo
Ancient8
In development
External
None
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
40
Hypr logo
Hypr
In development
External
None
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
41
Myria logo
Myria
ZK proofs (ST)
External (DAC)
None
Force via L1
Use escape hatch
42
Parallel logo
Parallel
Fraud proofs (INT)
On chain
None
Self sequence
Self propose
43
Edgeless logo
Edgeless
In reviewIn reviewIn reviewIn reviewIn review
44
Honeypot (Cartesi) logo
Honeypot
None
On chain
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
45
Canvas Connect logo
Canvas Connect
ZK proofs (ST)
External (DAC)
None
Force via L1
Use escape hatch
46
ReddioEx logo
ReddioEx
ZK proofs (ST)
External (DAC)
None
Force via L1
Use escape hatch
47
Fuel v1 logo
Fuel v1
Fraud proofs (1R)
On chain
Self sequence
Self propose
48
HYCHAIN logo
HYCHAIN
In reviewIn reviewIn reviewIn reviewIn review
Want to learn more about the different approaches to upgradeability?Check our report

About L2BEAT

L2BEAT is a public goods company dedicated to providing on-chain transparency.

What sets L2BEAT apart is our unwavering commitment to delivering accurate and reliable information. We strive to be an impartial and independent watchdog that acts in the best interest of users and the broader ecosystem while always remaining credibly neutral and faithful to reality and facts. We deliver data and tools that allow our community to educate themselves, transact securely, and make well-informed decisions.

This approach has earned us recognition and a solid reputation in the industry, garnering praise from the global Ethereum community and making our voice highly valued by numerous organizations and institutions. We are unafraid of being vocal and opinionated when our values are at stake.

Our work spans a wide range of areas, including:

  • Research and analysis of public protocols, including L2s and bridges,
  • Participation in protocol governance and security councils,
  • Development of transparency solutions like explorers,
  • Monitoring of smart contract upgrades,
  • Operation of nodes, and validators,
  • Publication of research reports,
  • Organization of conferences.

We receive generous funding from various public goods organizations, such as Gitcoin and the Ethereum Foundation, as well as from various private donors and investors. Additionally, we collaborate closely with leading companies in the space by accepting grants for specific projects.

You most likely have a lot of questions. We have created the Frequently Asked Questions page just for you.