Risk Analysis


Select type

Select type

Optimistic Rollup
Optimium
Plasma
Validium
ZK Rollup
Select stack

Select stack

Arbitrum
Loopring
OP Stack
OVM
Polygon
StarkEx
Starknet
ZK Stack
zkSync Lite
No provider
Select stage

Select stage

Not applicable
Stage 0
Stage 1
Stage 2
Under review
Select purpose

Select purpose

AMM
Bug bounty
DeFi
Exchange
Gaming
NFT
Payments
Privacy
Private payments
Universal

#
Name
State validation
Data availability
Exit window
Sequencer failure
Proposer failure
1
Arbitrum One logo
Arbitrum One
Fraud proofs (INT)
On chain
2d
Self sequence
Self propose
2
OP Mainnet logo
OP Mainnet
In development
On chain
None
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
3
Blast logo
Blast
In reviewIn reviewIn reviewIn reviewIn review
4
Manta Pacific logo
Manta Pacific
In development
External
None
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
5
Starknet logo
Starknet
ZK proofs (ST)
On chain (SD)
None
No mechanism
Cannot withdraw
6
Base logo
Base
In development
On chain
None
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
7
Metis Andromeda logo
Metis
In development
Optimistic (MEMO)
None
Enqueue via L1
Cannot withdraw
8
Mantle logo
Mantle
In development
External
None
Enqueue via L1
Cannot withdraw
9
zkSync Era logo
zkSync Era
ZK proofs
On chain (SD)
None
Enqueue via L1
Cannot withdraw
10
dYdX v3 logo
dYdX v3
ZK proofs (ST)
On chain
None
Force via L1
Use escape hatch
11
Linea logo
Linea
ZK proofs (SN)
On chain
None
No mechanism
Cannot withdraw
12
Immutable X logo
Immutable X
ZK proofs (ST)
External (DAC)
7d
Force via L1
Use escape hatch
13
Polygon zkEVM logo
Polygon zkEVM
ZK proofs (SN)
On chain
None
No mechanism
Self propose
14
ZKFair logo
ZKFair
ZK proofs (SN)
External (DAC)
None
No mechanism
Self propose
15
Loopring logo
Loopring
ZK proofs (SN)
On chain
None
Force via L1
Use escape hatch
16
Mode Network logo
Mode Network
In development
On chain
None
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
17
Scroll logo
Scroll
ZK proofs (SN)
On chain
None
No mechanism
Cannot withdraw
18
zkSync Lite logo
zkSync Lite
ZK proofs (SN)
On chain
7d
Force via L1
Use escape hatch
19
ApeX logo
ApeX
ZK proofs (ST)
External (DAC)
7d
Force via L1
Use escape hatch
20
Aevo logo
Aevo
In development
External
None
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
21
DeGate V1 logo
DeGate V1
ZK proofs (SN)
On chain
30d
Force via L1
Use escape hatch
22
Arbitrum Nova logo
Arbitrum Nova
Fraud proofs (INT)
External (DAC)
2d
Self sequence
Self propose
23
rhino.fi logo
rhino.fi
ZK proofs (ST)
External (DAC)
7d
Force via L1
Use escape hatch
24
Sorare logo
Sorare
ZK proofs (ST)
External (DAC)
7d
Force via L1
Use escape hatch
25
Kroma logo
Kroma
Fraud proofs (INT, ZK)
On chain
None
Self sequence
Self propose
26
Karak logo
Karak
In development
External
None
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
27
Zora logo
Zora
In development
On chain
None
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
28
Boba Network logo
Boba
In development
On chain
None
Enqueue via L1
Cannot withdraw
29
Lyra logo
Lyra
In development
External
None
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
30
Paradex logo
Paradex
ZK proofs (ST)
On chain (SD)
None
No mechanism
Cannot withdraw
31
ZKSpace logo
ZKSpace
ZK proofs (SN)
On chain
5d
Force via L1
Use escape hatch
32
Public Goods Network logo
PGN
In development
External
None
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
33
tanX logo
tanX
ZK proofs (ST)
External (DAC)
None
Force via L1
Use escape hatch
34
Hypr logo
Hypr
In development
External
None
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
35
Orderly Network logo
Orderly Network
In development
External
None
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
36
Fraxtal logo
Fraxtal
In reviewIn reviewIn reviewIn reviewIn review
37
Myria logo
Myria
ZK proofs (ST)
External (DAC)
7d
Force via L1
Use escape hatch
38
Ancient8 logo
Ancient8
In development
External
None
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
39
Kinto logo
Kinto
In reviewIn reviewIn reviewIn reviewIn review
40
Honeypot (Cartesi) logo
Honeypot
None
On chain
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
41
Parallel logo
Parallel
Fraud proofs (INT)
On chain
None
Self sequence
Self propose
42
Canvas Connect logo
Canvas Connect
ZK proofs (ST)
External (DAC)
None
Force via L1
Use escape hatch
43
ReddioEx logo
ReddioEx
ZK proofs (ST)
External (DAC)
None
Force via L1
Use escape hatch
44
Fuel v1 logo
Fuel v1
Fraud proofs (1R)
On chain
Self sequence
Self propose
Want to learn more about the different approaches to upgradeability?Check our report

About L2BEAT

L2BEAT is a public goods company dedicated to providing on-chain transparency.

What sets L2BEAT apart is our unwavering commitment to delivering accurate and reliable information. We strive to be an impartial and independent watchdog that acts in the best interest of users and the broader ecosystem while always remaining credibly neutral and faithful to reality and facts. We deliver data and tools that allow our community to educate themselves, transact securely, and make well-informed decisions.

This approach has earned us recognition and a solid reputation in the industry, garnering praise from the global Ethereum community and making our voice highly valued by numerous organizations and institutions. We are unafraid of being vocal and opinionated when our values are at stake.

Our work spans a wide range of areas, including:

  • Research and analysis of public protocols, including L2s and bridges,
  • Participation in protocol governance and security councils,
  • Development of transparency solutions like explorers,
  • Monitoring of smart contract upgrades,
  • Operation of nodes, and validators,
  • Publication of research reports,
  • Organization of conferences.

We receive generous funding from various public goods organizations, such as Gitcoin and the Ethereum Foundation, as well as from various private donors and investors. Additionally, we collaborate closely with leading companies in the space by accepting grants for specific projects.

You most likely have a lot of questions. We have created the Frequently Asked Questions page just for you.