Risk Analysis


Type

Type

Optimistic Rollup
Optimium
Plasma
Validium
ZK Rollup
Stack

Stack

Arbitrum
Cartesi Rollups
Loopring
OP Stack
OVM
Polygon
StarkEx
Starknet
Taiko
ZK Stack
ZKsync Lite
No provider
Stage

Stage

Not applicable
Stage 0
Stage 1
Stage 2
Under review
Purpose

Purpose

AI
AMM
Bitcoin DApps
Bug bounty
DeFi
Exchange
Gaming
Information
IoT
Lending
NFT
Oracles
Payments
Privacy
Private payments
RWA
Social
Storage
Universal

#
Name
State validation
Data availability
Exit window
Sequencer failure
Proposer failure
1
Arbitrum One logo
Arbitrum One
Fraud proofs (INT)
6d 8h challenge period
On chain
2d
Self sequence
Self propose
2
Base logo
Base
In development
7d challenge period
On chain
None
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
3
OP Mainnet logo
OP Mainnet
Fraud proofs (INT)
3d 12h challenge period
On chain
None
Self sequence
Self propose
4
Blast logo
Blast
In development
12d challenge period
On chain
None
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
5
Mantle logo
Mantle
In development
7d challenge period
External
None
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
6
ZKsync Era logo
ZKsync Era
ZK proofs
On chain (SD)
None
Enqueue via L1
Cannot withdraw
7
Linea logo
Linea
ZK proofs (SN)
On chain
None
No mechanism
Cannot withdraw
8
Scroll logo
Scroll
ZK proofs (SN)
On chain
None
No mechanism
Cannot withdraw
9
Starknet logo
Starknet
ZK proofs (ST)
On chain (SD)
None
No mechanism
Cannot withdraw
10
Manta Pacific logo
Manta Pacific
In development
3d challenge period
External
None
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
11
Mode Network logo
Mode Network
In development
7d challenge period
On chain
None
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
12
Metis Andromeda logo
Metis
In development
7d challenge period
External (MEMO)
None
Enqueue via L1
Cannot withdraw
13
dYdX v3 logo
dYdX v3
ZK proofs (ST)
On chain
None
Force via L1
Use escape hatch
14
Taiko logo
Taiko
SGX Proofs
1d challenge period
On chain
None
Self sequence
Self propose
15
Polygon zkEVM logo
Polygon zkEVM
ZK proofs (SN)
On chain
None
No mechanism
Self propose
16
Astar zkEVM logo
Astar zkEVM
ZK proofs (SN)
External (DAC)
None
No mechanism
Self propose
17
X Layer logo
X Layer
ZK proofs (SN)
External (DAC)
None
No mechanism
Self propose
18
Immutable X logo
Immutable X
ZK proofs (ST)
External (DAC)
None
Force via L1
Use escape hatch
19
BOB logo
BOB
In development
7d challenge period
On chain
None
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
20
RSS3 Value Sublayer logo
RSS3
In development
7d challenge period
External
None
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
21
ApeX logo
ApeX
ZK proofs (ST)
External (DAC)
None
Force via L1
Use escape hatch
22
Fraxtal logo
Fraxtal
In development
7d challenge period
External
None
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
23
Karak logo
Karak
In development
3d challenge period
External
None
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
24
ZKsync Lite logo
ZKsync Lite
ZK proofs (SN)
On chain
7d
Force via L1
Use escape hatch
25
Aevo logo
Aevo
In development
1h challenge period
External
None
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
26
Loopring logo
Loopring
ZK proofs (SN)
On chain
None
Force via L1
Use escape hatch
27
DeGate V1 logo
DeGate V1
ZK proofs (SN)
On chain
30d
Force via L1
Use escape hatch
28
Reya logo
Reya
Fraud proofs (INT)
6d 8h challenge period
External (DAC)
None
Self sequence
Self propose
29
Arbitrum Nova logo
Arbitrum Nova
Fraud proofs (INT)
6d 8h challenge period
External (DAC)
2d
Self sequence
Self propose
30
ZKFair logo
ZKFair
ZK proofs (SN)
External (DAC)
None
No mechanism
Self propose
31
Lyra logo
Lyra
In development
7d challenge period
External
None
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
32
rhino.fi logo
rhino.fi
ZK proofs (ST)
External (DAC)
None
Force via L1
Use escape hatch
33
Orderly Network logo
Orderly Network
In development
7d challenge period
External
None
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
34
Kinto logo
Kinto
Fraud proofs (INT)
6d 8h challenge period
On chain
None
Self sequence
Self propose
35
Zora logo
Zora
In development
7d challenge period
On chain
None
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
36
Sorare logo
Sorare
ZK proofs (ST)
External (DAC)
None
Force via L1
Use escape hatch
37
Kroma logo
Kroma
Fraud proofs (INT, ZK)
7d challenge period
On chain
None
Self sequence
Self propose
38
Paradex logo
Paradex
ZK proofs (ST)
On chain (SD)
None
No mechanism
Cannot withdraw
39
Boba Network logo
Boba
In development
7d challenge period
On chain
None
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
40
Re.al logo
Re.al
Fraud proofs (INT)
6d 8h challenge period
External (DAC)
None
Self sequence
Self propose
41
ZKSpace logo
ZKSpace
ZK proofs (SN)
On chain
5d
Force via L1
Use escape hatch
42
Redstone logo
Redstone
In development
7d challenge period
External
None
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
43
HYCHAIN logo
HYCHAIN
Fraud proofs (INT)
6d 8h challenge period
External (DAC)
None
Self sequence
Self propose
44
Hypr logo
Hypr
In development
7d challenge period
External
None
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
45
tanX logo
tanX
ZK proofs (ST)
External (DAC)
None
Force via L1
Use escape hatch
46
Term Structure logo
Term Structure
In reviewIn reviewIn reviewIn reviewIn review
47
Cyber logo
Cyber
In development
7d challenge period
External
None
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
48
Ancient8 logo
Ancient8
In development
7d challenge period
External
None
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
49
Mint logo
Mint
In development
7d challenge period
On chain
None
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
50
Public Goods Network logo
PGN
In development
7d challenge period
External
None
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
51
AlienX logo
AlienX
In reviewIn reviewIn reviewIn reviewIn review
52
Myria logo
Myria
ZK proofs (ST)
External (DAC)
None
Force via L1
Use escape hatch
53
Parallel logo
Parallel
Fraud proofs (INT)
6d challenge period
On chain
None
Self sequence
Self propose
54
Metal logo
Metal
In development
7d challenge period
On chain
None
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
55
Honeypot (Cartesi) logo
Honeypot
None
On chain
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
56
Edgeless logo
Edgeless
In reviewIn reviewIn reviewIn reviewIn review
57
Lambda Chain logo
Lambda Chain
In development
7d challenge period
On chain
None
Self sequence
Cannot withdraw
58
ReddioEx logo
ReddioEx
ZK proofs (ST)
External (DAC)
None
Force via L1
Use escape hatch
59
Fuel v1 logo
Fuel v1
Fraud proofs (1R)
On chain
Self sequence
Self propose
60
GPT Protocol logo
GPT Protocol
In reviewIn reviewIn reviewIn reviewIn review
61
Pay Chain logo
Pay Chain
In reviewIn reviewIn reviewIn reviewIn review
62
Witness Chain logo
Witness Chain
In reviewIn reviewIn reviewIn reviewIn review
Want to learn more about the different approaches to upgradeability?Check our report

About L2BEAT

L2BEAT is a public goods company dedicated to providing on-chain transparency.

What sets L2BEAT apart is our unwavering commitment to delivering accurate and reliable information. We strive to be an impartial and independent watchdog that acts in the best interest of users and the broader ecosystem while always remaining credibly neutral and faithful to reality and facts. We deliver data and tools that allow our community to educate themselves, transact securely, and make well-informed decisions.

This approach has earned us recognition and a solid reputation in the industry, garnering praise from the global Ethereum community and making our voice highly valued by numerous organizations and institutions. We are unafraid of being vocal and opinionated when our values are at stake.

Our work spans a wide range of areas, including:

  • Research and analysis of public protocols, including L2s and bridges,
  • Participation in protocol governance and security councils,
  • Development of transparency solutions like explorers,
  • Monitoring of smart contract upgrades,
  • Operation of nodes, and validators,
  • Publication of research reports,
  • Organization of conferences.

We receive generous funding from various public goods organizations, such as Gitcoin and the Ethereum Foundation, as well as from various private donors and investors. Additionally, we collaborate closely with leading companies in the space by accepting grants for specific projects.

You most likely have a lot of questions. We have created the Frequently Asked Questions page just for you.